HABSBURG BIOGRAPHIES, E-G

A list of major persons in the Habsburg dynasty with brief biographies and illustrations where possible.

Whereas all titles have been given in English, Christian names usually appear in German, but also French, Spanish, Italian etc. depending on the source (e.g. Albrecht rather than Albert, Karl rather than Charles). Before assuming that someone is not present in this list try all variants of the name -- Karl, Charles, Carolus, Carlos, etc. Brief thought was given to imposing a rational system on the names, but problems outweighed advantages. Place names have almost entirely been put into English unless the place is so small as to have no English equivalent.

Names and titles appearing in parentheses below the main names are nick names, aliases, titles and other such labels. Names in the text that appear in bold also have a listing here.

A list of family members of the current head of the dynasty will be found on the Habsburg Family page.

Please contact us if you have an correction or additions to this list.

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E


Eleonore
Of Scotland, first wife of Duke Sigmund of Austria-Tyrol
Born 1433 in Dunfermline, Scotland
Died 20/11/1480 in Innsbruck

Eleonore
(Leonore, Helena)
Empress, wife of Emperor Friedrich III
Born 8/9/1436 in Torres Vedras, Portugal
Died 3/9/1467 in Wiener Neustadt

Eleonore
Queen of Portugal, Queen of France, first child of Philipp The Fair, King of Castile, and Johanna, Princess of Spain
Born 15/11/1498 in Brussels
Died 18/2/1558 near Badajoz

Eleonore
Daughter of King Ferdinand I and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
Born 2/11/1534 in Vienna
Died 5/8/1594 in Mantua

Eleonore
Sixth daughter of Archduke Karl II of Inner Austria and Maria of Bavaria
Born 25/9/1582, in Graz
Died 28/1/1620 in Hall, Tyrol
Eleonore
Empress, second wife of Ferdinand II
Born 23/9/1598 in Mantua
Died 27/6/1655 in Vienna

Eleonore
Empress, third wife of Emperor Ferdinand III
Born 18/11/1630 in Mantua
Died 6/12/1686 in Vienna

Eleonore
Oldest daughter of Archduke Karl Stephan and the Archduchess Maria Theresia
Born 28/11/1886 in Pola
Died 26/5/1974 in Baden near Vienna

Eleonore Magdalena
Empress, third wife of Emperor Leopold I
Born 6/1/1655 in Dusseldorf
Died 19/1/1720 in Vienna

Eleonore Maria Josefa
Queen of Poland, Duchess of Lorraine, daughter of Emperor Ferdinand III and Eleonore of Mantua
Born 21/5/1653 in Regensburg
Died 17/12/1697 in Vienna

Elisabeth
Of Gorz-Tyrol, Queen, wife of King Albrecht I
Born 1262/63
Died 28/10/1313 in Konigsfelden (Aargau, Switzerland)

Elisabeth
Daughter of King Albrecht I and Elisabeth of Gorz-Tyrol
Born around 1293 in Vienna
Died 19/5/1352 in Nancy

Elisabeth
(Isabel)
Of Aragon, Queen, wife of King Friedrich "dem Schönen"
Born around 1300 (or 1302)
Died 12/7/1330 in Upper Styria

Elisabeth
Of Virneburg, wife of Duke Heinrich
Born around 1303 in Virneburg, Palatinate
Died 14/9/1343 in Konigsfelden

Elisabeth
Of Lower Bavaria, first wife of Duke Otto "dem Fröhlichen"
Born around 1305
Died 25/3/1330 in Vienna

Elisabeth
Of Bohemia, first wife of Duke Albrecht III
Born 19/3/1358 in Prague
Died 19/9/1373 in Vienna

Elisabeth
First wife of Duke Friedrich "mit der leeren Tasche"
Born before 27/10/1381 in Amberg
Died 31/12/1408 in Innsbruck

Elisabeth
Queen, wife of King Albrecht II
Born 28/2/1409 in Prague
Died 19/12/1442 in Ofen (Buda)

Elisabeth
Queen of Poland, daughter of King Albrecht II and Elisabeth of Bohemia
Born 1436 or 1437 in Vienna
Died 30/8/1505 in Krakow

Elisabeth
(Isabella)
Of Valois, Queen of Spain, Third wife of King Philipp II
Born 22/11/1545 in Fontainebleau
Died 3/10/1568 in Krakow

Elisabeth
Queen of Poland, oldest daughter of Emperor Ferdinand and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
Born 9/7/1526 in Linz
Died 15/6/1545 in Vilna

Elisabeth
Queen of France, second daughter of Emperor Maximilian II and Maria of Spain
Born 5/7/1554 in Vienna
Died 22/1/1592 in Vienna

Elisabeth
Wife of Archduke Rainer Josef of Savoy-Carignan
Born 13/4/1800 in Paris
Died 25/12/1856 in Bozen

Elisabeth
(Sisi)
Empress, wife of Emperor Franz Joseph
Born 24/12/1837 in Munich
Murdered 10/9/1898 in Geneva

Elisabeth of Bourbon
See-Isabella

Elisabeth of Savoy
see-Katharina

Elisabeth Amalie
Princess of Liechtenstein, daughter of Archduke Karl Ludwig and his third wife Princess Maria Theresia of Braganza
Born 7/7/1878 in Reichenau
Died 13/3/1960 in Vaduz

Elisabeth Christine
Empress, wife of Emperor Karl VI
Born 28/8/1691 in Wolfenbuttel
Died 21/12/1750 in Vienna

Elisabeth Franziska
(Ella)
Oldest daughter of Archduke Franz Salvator and Archduchess Marie Valerie
Born 27/1/1892 in Vienna
Died 29/1/1930 in Syrgenstein Castle, Allgau

Elisabeth Klothilde
Daughter of the Archduke Josef and Princess Klothilde of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Born 9/3/1883 in Alcsut, Hungary
Died 8/2/1958 in Regensburg

Elisabeth Marie
(Erzsi, the Red Archduchess)
Only child of Archduke Rudolf and Princess Stephanie of Belgium
Born 2/9/1883 in Laxenburg near Vienna
Died 16/3/1963 in Vienna

Elisabeth-Ryksa
(also Richsa or Rejcka)
Queen of Poland and Bohemia, second wife of King Rudolf III
Born 1288
Died 19/10/1335 in Koniggratz

Elisabeth Wilhelmine
Of Wurttemberg, first wife of Emperor Franz I (II)
Born 21/4/1767 in Treptow
Died 18/2/1790 in Vienna

Ernst
(the Iron)
Duke, Since 1414-Archduke, Third son of Leopold III and Viridis Visconti
Born 1377 in Bruck an der Mur
Died 10/6/1424 in Bruck an der Mur

Ernst
Son of Emperor Maximilian II and the InfantaMaria
Born 15/6/1553 in Vienna
Died 20/2/1595 in Brussels

Ernst
Son of the Viceroy of Lombardy-Venetia, Archduke Rainer and Princess Elisabeth of Savoy
Born 8/8/1824 in Milan
Died 4/4/1899 in Arco

Eugen
Son of Archduke Karl Ferdinand and Archduchess Elisabeth
Born 21/5/1863 Seelowitz Castle in Moriava
Died 30/12/1954 in Meran

F


Felix
Third son of Emperor Karl and Princess Zita of Bourbon-Parma
Born 31/5/1916 in Schonbrunn

Ferdinand I
Emperor, the younger son of Philipp The Fair, King of Castile and Johanna of Spain
Born 10/3/1503 in Alcala de Henares near Madrid
Died 25/7/1564 in Vienna

Ferdinand I
(the Good)
Emperor of Austria, oldest son of Emperor Franz II (I) and Princess Maria Theresia of Naples and Sicily
Born 19/4/1793 in Vienna
Died 29/6/1875 in Prague

Ferdinand II
Of Austria-Tyrol, Son of Emperor Ferdinand I and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
Born 14/6/1529 in Linz
Died 24/1/1595 in Innsbruck

Ferdinand II
Emperor, second son of Archduke Karl II of Inner Austria and Maria of Bavaria
Born 9/9/1578 in Graz
Died 15/2/1637 in Vienna

Ferdinand III
Emperor, third son of Emperor Ferdinand II and Maria Anna of Bavaria
Born 13/7/1608 in Graz
Died 2/4/1657 in Vienna

Ferdinand III
Grand Duke of Tuscany, son of Emperor Leopold II and Princess Maria Ludovica of Bourbon-Spain
Born 6/5/1769 in Florence
Died 16/6/1824 in Florence

Ferdinand IV
King of the Romans, King of Bohemia and Hungary, son of Emperor Ferdinand III and Infanta Maria
Born 8/9/1633 in Vienna
Died 9/7/1654 in Vienna

Ferdinand IV
(Nando)
Grand Duke of Tuscany, oldest son of Grand Duke Leopold II and Princess Maria Antonia of Bourbon and the Two Sicilies
Born 10/6/1835 in Florence
Died 17/1/1908 in Salzburg

Ferdinand
Cardinal-Infante, Governor General of the Southern Netherlands, third son of King Philipp III and Margarethe of Austria
Born 16/5/1609 in Madrid
Died 9/11/1641 in Brussels

Ferdinand Karl
Of Tyrol, son of Archduke Leopold V and Claudia of Medici
Born 17/5/1628
Died 30/12/1662 in Kaltern

Ferdinand Karl
Since 1911 Ferdinand Burg, third son of Archduke Karl Ludwig and Princess Maria Annuziata of Bourbon and the Two Sicilies
Born 27/12/1868 in Vienna
Died 12/3/1915 in Munich

Ferdinand Karl Anton
Governor General of Austrian Lombardy, fourth son of Emperor Franz I Stefan and Empress Maria Theresia
Born 1/6/1754 in Vienna
Died 24/12/1806 in Vienna

Ferdinand Karl of Este
Second son of Archduke Ferdinand Karl Anton, Governor General of Lombardy, and Maria Beatrix of Este
Born 25/4/1781 in Milan
Died 5/11/1850 in Ebenzweier, Upper Austria

Ferdinand Karl Viktor d'Este
Field Marshal Lieutenant, son of Duke Franz IV of Modena and Princess Marie Beatrix of Savoy
Born 20/7/1821 in Modena
Died 15/12/1849 in Beunn

Ferdinand Maximillian, Emperor of Mexico, see Maximillian

Franz II ( I )
Last Holy Roman Emperor, Emperor of Austria, oldest son of Emperor Leopold II and Princess Maria Ludovica of Bourbon-Spain. He proved to be Napoleon's most persistent opponent, even while being his father-in-law. He was somewhat uncertain and insecure on the throne, worshiping his father's memory and distrusting the plans and actions of his brothers. Later a leader in the inflexible conservative era of the Restoration and the Holy Alliance.
Born 12/2/1768 in Florence
Died 2/3/1835 in Vienna

Franz IV
Duke of Modena, Massa and Carrara, son of Archduke Ferdinand Karl Anton, Governor General of Austrian Lombardy, and Maria Beatrix of Este
Born 6/10/1779 in Milan
Died 21/1/1846 in Modena

Franz V
Duke of Madena, Massa, Carrara and Guastalla, son of Duke Franz IV of Modena and Princess Maria Beatrix of Sardinia
Born 1/6/1819 in Modena
Died 20/11/1875 in Vienna

Franz Ferdinand
Of Austria-Este, oldest son of Archduke Karl Ludwig and Princess Maria Annunziata of Bourbon and the Two Sicilies
Born 18/12/1863 in Graz
Murdered 28/6/1914 in Sarajevo

Franz Joseph I
Emperor of Austria, oldest son of Archduke Franz Karl and Princess Sophie of Bavaria
Born 18/8/1830 in Vienna
Died 21/11/1916 in Vienna

Franz Josef
Son of Archduke Leopold Savator and Princess Blanka of Bourbon-Castile
Born 4/2/1905 in Vienna
Died 9/5/1975 in Vienna

Franz Karl Josef
Third son of Emperor Franz I (II) and Princess Maria Theresia of Naples and Sicily
Born 7/12/1802 in Vienna
Died 8/3/1878 in Vienna

Franz Karl Salvator
Son of Archduke Franz Salvator and Archduchess Maria Valerie
Born 17/2/1893 at Lichtenegg Castle near Wels
Died 10/12/1918

Franz Salvator
Son of Archduke Karl Salvator and Princess Maria Immakulata of Bourbon and the Two Sicilies
Born 21/8/1866 in Altmunster, Upper Austria
Died 20/4/1939 in Vienna

Franz I Stefan
Emperor, Duke of Lorraine, Grand Duke of Tuscany, husband of the Empress Maria Theresia
Born 8/12/1708 in Nancy
Died 18/8/1765 in Innsbruck

Franziska
(Fanna)
Wife of Archduke Max Eugen
Born 21/06/1897 Teplitz
Died 12/07/1989 Salzburg

Friedrich I (III)
(the Fair)
Roman and German King, Duke of Austria and Steiermark, second son of Albrecht I and Elisabeth of Gorz-Tyrol
Born 1289, possibly in Vienna
Died 13/1/1330 in Gutenstein, Lower Austria

Friedrich II
Duke of Austria, son of Duke Otto "dem Fr■hlichen" and Elisabeth of Lower Bavaria
Born 10/2/1327
Died 11/12/1344

Friedrich III
Duke, second son of Duke Albrecht II and Johanna of Pfirt
Born 31/3/1347 in Vienna
Died 10/12/1362 in Vienna

Friedrich III
Emperor, also King Friedrich IV(the Fair), also Duke Friedrich V, oldest child of Duke Ernst of Inner Austria and second wife Cimburgis of Masovia
Born 21/9/1415 in Innsburgis
Died 19/8/1493 in Linz

Friedrich IV
(Friedl mit der leeren Tasche)
Duke of Austria-Tyrol, Son of Duke Leopold III and Viridis Visconti
Born 1382
Died 24/6/1439

Friedrich
Third son of Archduke Karl and Princess Henriette of Nassau-Weilburg
Born 14/5/1821 in Vienna
Died 6/10/1847 in Venice

Friedrich Maria Albrecht
(Frizel)
Oldest son of Archduke Karl Ferdinand and Archduchess Elisabeth
Born 4/6/1856 in Gross-Seelowitz, Mahren
Died 30/12/1936 in Hungarian Altenburg (Mosonmagyarovar) Hungary

G


Gabriele
Sixth daughter of Archduke Friedrich and Princess Isabella of Croy-Dulmen
Born 14/9/1887 in Pressburg
Died 15/11/1954 in Budapest

Georg
(of Austria)
Natural son of Emperor Maximilian I
Born around 1505, probably in Gent
Died 4/5/1557 in Luttich

Georg
Second son of Archduke Peter Ferdinand and Princess Marie Christine of Bourbon and the Two Sicilies
Born 22/8/1905 in Parsch
Died 21/3/1952 in Mellingen

Germana
Daughter of Grand Duke Ferdinand IV of Tuscany and Princess Alice of Bourbon-Parma
Born 11/9/1884 in Salzburg
Died 3/11/1955 in Schwertberg, Upper Austria

Gertrud
(Anna, called so since her crowning in Aachen in 1273)
Of Hohenberg, wife of King Rudolf I
Born between 1230 and 1235
Died 16/1/1281 in Vienna

Gertrud
Daughter of Archduke Franz Salvator and Archduchess Marie Valerie
Born 19/11/1900 at Wallersee Castle, Upper Austria
Died 22/12/1962 in Ravenburg

Gertrud of Saxony
See Agnes

Gisela
Princess of Bavaria, daughter of Emperor Franz Joseph and Duchess Elisabeth in Bavaria
Born 12/7/1856 in Laxenburg
Died 27/7/1932 in Munich

Gottfried
Oldest son of Archduke Peter Ferdinand and Princess Maria Christine of Bourbon and the Two Sicilies
Born 14/3/1902 in Linz
Died 21/1/1984 in Bad Ischl

Gregoria Maximiliane
Daughter of Archduke Karl II of Inner Austria and Princess Maria of Bavaria
Born 22/3/1581 in Graz
Died 20/9/1597 in Graz

Guta
(Jutta)
Queen of Bohemia, daughter of King Rudolf I and Gertrud of Hohenberg
Born 13/3/1271
Died 18/6/1297

Guta
(Jutta, Jutha, Jeutha, Bonitas)
Youngest daughter of King Albrecht I and Elisabeth of Gorz-Tyrol
Born after 1302 in Vienna
Died 5 or 6/3/1329 in Vienna

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