HABSBURG BIOGRAPHIES, H-L

A list of major persons in the Habsburg dynasty with brief biographies and illustrations where possible.

Whereas all titles have been given in English, Christian names usually appear in German, but also French, Spanish, Italian etc. depending on the source (e.g. Albrecht rather than Albert, Karl rather than Charles). Before assuming that someone is not present in this list try all variants of the name -- Karl, Charles, Carolus, Carlos, etc. Brief thought was given to imposing a rational system on the names, but problems outweighed advantages. Place names have almost entirely been put into English unless the place is so small as to have no English equivalent.

Names and titles appearing in parentheses below the main names are nick names, aliases, titles and other such labels. Names in the text that appear in bold also have a listing here.

A list of family members of the current head of the dynasty will be found on the Habsburg Family page.

Please contact us if you have an correction or additions to this list.

H I J K L


H


Hartmann
Count of Habsburg and Kiburg, Landgrave in Alsace, second son of King Rudolf I and his first wife Gertud of Hohenberg
Born probably in 1263
Died 21/12/1281 near Breisach

Hedwig
Margravine of Brandenburg, daughter of King Rudolf I and his first wife Gertud of Hohenberg
Birth unknown
Died before 27/10/1286

Hedwig
Daughter of Archduchess Marie Valerie
Born 24/9/1896 in Bad Ischl
Died 1/11/1970 in Hall in Tyrol

Hedwig Augusta
Of Sulzbach, by proxy wife of the Archduke Sigmund Franz of Austria-Tyrol
Born 15/4/1650
Died 23/11/1681

Heinrich
(der Freundiche)
Duke of Austria and Styria, fifth son of King Albrecht I and Elisabeth of Gorz-Tyrol
Born late in 1298 in Vienna
Died 3/2/1327 in Bruck an der Mur

Heinrich
Since 1868, Count Waideck, 1872 Archduke, fifth son of Viceroy of Lombardy-Venetia, Archduke Rainer Josef and Princess Elisabeth of Savoy
Born 28/5/1828 in Milan
Died 30/11/1891 in Vienna

Heinrich Ferdinand Salvator
Son of Grand Duke Ferdinand IV of Tuscany and Princess Alice Maria of Bourbon-Parma
Born 13/2/1878 in Salzburg
Died 21/5/1969 in Salzburg

Helene
Daughter of Emperor Ferdinand I and Anna of Hungary
Born 7/1/1543 in Innsbruck
Died 1574 in Hall in Tyrol

Helene
Duchess of Wurtemburg, daughter of Archduke Peter Ferdinand of the house of Tuscany and Princess Marie Christine of Bourbon and the Two Sicilies
Born 30/10/1903 in Linz
Died 8/9/1924 in Tubingen

Henriette
Wife of Archduke Karl
Born 30/10/1797 in Weilburg
Died 29/12/1829 in Vienna

Henriette
Third daughter of Archduke Frierich and Princess Isabella of Croy-Dulmen
Born 10/1/1883 in Pressburg
Died 2/9/1956 in Mariazell

Hermine
Second wife of the Archduke-Palatine Josef Anton
Born 2/12/1797 in Hoym
Died 14/9/1817 in Pest

Hermine Amelie Marie
Oldest daughter of the Archduke-Palatine Josef Anton and Princess Hermine of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym
Born 14/9/1817 in Pest
Died 13/2/1842 in Vienna

Hildegard
Wife of Archduke Albreht
Born 10/6/1825
Died 2/4/1864 in Vienna

Hubert Salvator
Second oldest son of Archduke Franz Salvtor and Archduchess Marie Valerie
Born 30/4/1894 at Lichtenegg Castle near Wels
Died 24/3/1971 at Persenbeug Castle, Lower Austria

I


Isabella
see Elisabeth

Isabella
Queen of Danemark, third child of Philipp The Fair, King of Castille, and Johanna "the Mad" of Spain
Born 18/7/1501 in Brussels
Died 19/1/1526 near Gent

Isabella
(Isabel)
Of Portugal, Empress, wife of Emperor Karl V
Born 24/10/1503 in Lisbon
Died 1/5/1539 in Toledo

Isabella
(Elisabeth)
Of Bourbon, Queen of Spain and Portugal, first wife of King Philipp IV
Born 22/11/1603 in Fontainebleau
Died 6/10/1644 in Madrid

Isabella
Of Parma, first wife of Emperor Josef II
Born 31/12/1741 in Buen Retiro near Madrid
Died 27/11/1763 in Vienna

Isabella
Countess of Trapani, daughter of Grand Duke Leopold II of Tuscany and Princess Maria Antonia of Bourbon and the Two Sicilies
Born 21/5/1834 in Florence
Died 16/7/1901 in Burgenstock near Luzern

Isabella
Wife of Archduke Friedrich
Born 27/2/1856 in Dulmen
Died 5/9/1931 in Budapest

Isabella
Seventh daughter of Archduke Friedrich and Princess Isabella of Croy-Dulmen
Born 17/11/1888 in Pressburg
Died 6/12/1973 in La Tour-de-Peilz, Waadt Canton

Isabella of Burgundy
see Agnes

Isabella of Valois
see Elisabeth

Isabella Klara
Daughter of Archduke Leopold V and Claudia of Medici
Born 12/8/1629 in Innsbruck
Died 24/2/1685 in Mantua

Isabella Clara Eugenia
Princess, later Ruler of the Spanish Netherlands, wife of Archduke Albert VII, daughter of King Philipp II of Spain and his third wife Elisabeth of Valois
Born 12/8/1566 in Segovia
Died 1/12/1633 in Brussels

J


Johann
(The Parricide)
Postumous son of Duke Rudolf II and Agnes, daughter of King Ottokar II Premysl
Born January 1291
Died 13/12/1312 or 1313 in Pisa

Johann
(The Styrian Prince)
Vicar of the Empire (Reichsverweser), tenth child of the Grand Duke Leopold of Tuscany (later Emperor Leopold II) and Princess Maria Ludovica of Bourbon-Spain
Born 20/2/1782 in Florence
Died 10/5/1859 in Graz

Johann Karl
Son of King Ferinand II and Maria Anna of Bavaria
Born 1/11/1605 in Graz
Died 26/12/1619 in Graz

Johann Nepomuk Salvator
(Gianna)
Tenth and last child of Grand Duke Leopold II of Tuscany and Maria Antonia of Bourbon and the Two Sicilies
Born 25/11/1852 in Florence
Disappeared off South America 1890, declared dead 1911, date of death unknown

Johanna I
(The Mad)
Of Castile wife of Philipp The Fair
Born 6/11/1479
Died 12/4/1555 in Tordesillas

Johanna, Infanta
Daughter of the Emperor Karl V (King Carlos I of Spain) and wifePrince John, son of King John III of Portugal. Regent for her father 1554-1556, and for her brother Philip II 1556-1559
Born24/6/1535 in Madrid
Died 7/9/1573 in El Escorial

Johanna
(Jeannette de Ferette)
Of Pfirt, wife of Duke Albrecht II
Born 1300 in Basel
Died 15/11/1351 in Vienna

Johanna
Of Durazzo, Queen of Naples, wife of Duke Wilhelm
Born 25/6/1373 in Naples
Died 2/2/1435 in Naples

Johanna
(Juana)
Princess of Portugal, youngest daughter of Emperor Karl V and Isabella of Portugal
Born 24/6/1537 in Madrid
Died 7/9/1573 in the Escorial

Johanna
Grandduchess of Tuscany, youngest daughter of Emperor Ferdinand I and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
Born 24/1/1546 in Vienna
Died 11/4/1578 in Florence

Johanna Sophia
Wife of Duke Albrecht IV
Born around 1373 in Munich
Died 17/10/1410 in Vienna

Josef I
Emperor, son of Emperor Leopold I and Countess Eleonore of Palatinate-Neuburg
Born 26/1678 in Vienna
Died 17/4/1711 in Vienna

Josef II
Emperor, King of Bohemia and Hungry, oldest son of Emperor Franz I Stefan and Empress Maria Theresia
Born 13/3/1741 in Vienna
Died 20/2/1790 in Vienna

Josef
First son of Archduke Josef August Princess Augusta of Bavaria
Born 28/3/1895 in Brunn
Died 25/9/1957 in Carcavelos, Portugal

Josef Anton
Archduke-Palatine of Hungary, sixth son of Emperor Leopold II and Princess Maria Ludovica of Bourbon-Spain
Born 9/3/1776 in Florence
Died 13/1/1847 in Ofen(Buda)

Josef August
(1918/19 Josef of Alcsut)
Oldest son of Archduke Josef Karl Ludwig and Princess Klothilde of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Born 9/8/1872 in Alcsut, Hungary
Died 6/7/1962 in Rain near Straubing

Josef Ferdinand Salvator
Son of Grand Duke Ferdinand IV and Princess Alice of Bourbon-Parma
Born 24/5/1872 in Salzburg
Diedf 28/8/1942 in Vienna

Josef Karl Ludwig
Second son of the Archduke-Palatine Josef Anton and Princess Maria Dorothea of Wurttemberg
Born 2/3/1833 in Pressburg
Died 13/6/1905 in Fiume

Juan de Austria
(Don Juan of Austria)
Natural son of the Emperor Karl V (King Carlos I of Spain). A famous and loyal soldier for the Habsburg cause who commanded the Imperial fleet at the Battle of Lepanto in 1571.
Born -/-/1545
Died 1/10/1578

Juan Jose de Austria
Natural son of King Philipp IV of Spain and the actress Maria Calderon
Born 7/4/1629
Died 17/9/1679 in Madrid

Juana
See Joanna

Jutta
See Guta

K


Karl I
Emperor of Austria, oldest son of Archduke Otto and Princess Maria Josefa of Saxony
Born 17/8/1887 in Persenbeug, Lower Austria
Died 1/4/1922 in Madeira

Karl II
Archduke of Inner Austria, younger son of Emperor Ferdinand I and Anna of Hungary
Born 3/6/1540 in Vienna
Died 10/7/1590 in Graz

Karl II
King of Spain, son of King Philipp IV and Archduchess Maria Anna (Mariana)
Born 6/11/1661 in Madrid
Died 1/11/1700 in Madrid

Karl V
Emperor, King of Spain (Carlos I), grandson of Emperor Maximilian I, son of King Philipp The Fair and Johanna of Spain
Born 24/2/1500 in Gent
Died 21/9/1558 in San Jeroimo de Yuste

Karl VI
Emperor, King of Hungary as Karl III, King of Bohemia as Karl II, son of Emperor Leopold I and Countess Eleonore of Palatinate-Neuburg
Born 1/10/1685 in Vienna
Died 20/10/1740 in Vienna

Karl
(of Austria)
Margrave of Burgau, Count of Nellenburg and Hohenberg, son of Archduke Ferdinand II of Austria-Tyrol and Philippine Welser
Born 22/11/1560 at Krivoklat Castle, Burglitz, Bohemia
Died 31/10/1618 near the Bodensee

Karl
Bishop of Brixen, Grand Master of the Teutonic Order (Hoch- und Deutsch-Meister), sixth son of Archduke Karl II of Inner Austria and Maria of Bavaria
Born 7/8/1590 in Graz
Died 28/12/1624 in Madrid

Karl Albrecht
Oldest son of Archduke Karl Stefan and Archduchess Maria Theresia
Born 18/12/1888 in Pola
Died 17/3/1951 in Ostervik, Stockholm

Karl Ambros
Prince Primate of Hungary, son of Archduke Ferinand and Marie Beatrix of Este
Born 2/5/1785 in Milan
Died 2/9/1809 in Tata (Dotis), Hungary

Karl Ferdinand
Second son of Archduke Karl and Princess Henriette of Nassau-Weilburg
Born 29/7/1818 in Vienna
Died 20/11/1874 in Gross-Seelowitz

Karl Josef
Son of Emperor Ferdinand III and Archduchess Maria Leopoldine
Born 7/8/1649 in Vienna
Died 27/1/1664 in Linz

Karl Josef
Second son of Emperor Franz I Stefan and Empress Maria Theresia
Born 1/2/1745 in Vienna
Died 18/1/1761 in Vienna

Karl Ludwig
(Karl)
Third son of Archduke Franz Karl and Princess Sophie of Bavaria
Born 30/7/1833 in Vienna
Died 19/5/1896 in Vienna

Karl Ludwig
Fourth son of Emperor Karl I and Princess Zita of Bourbon-Parma
Born 10/3/1918 in Baden near Vienna

Karl Pius Salvator
(Carlos)
Tenth child of Archduke Leopold Salvator and Princess Blanka of Bourbon-Castile
Born 4/12/1909 in Vienna
Died 24/12/1953 in Barcelona

Karl Salvator
Second son of Grand Duke Leopold II of Tuscany and Princess Maria Antonia of Bourbon and the Two Sicilies
Born 30/4/1839 in Florence
Died 18/1/1892 in Vienna

Karl Stefan
Second son of Archduke Karl Ferinand and Archduchess Elisabeth
Born 5/9/1860 in GroŻ-Seelowitw
Died 7/4/1933 in Zywiec, Poland

Karolina
See Maria Karolina

Karolina
Daughter of Archduke Karl Salvator and Princess Maria Immakulata of Bourbon and the Two Sicilies
Born 5/9/1869 in Altmunster
Died 12/5/1945 in Budapest

Karolina Ferdinanda
Crown princess of Saxony, seventh daughter of Emperor Franz I (II) and Princess Maria Theresia of Naples and Sicily
Born 8/4/1801 in Vienna
Died 22/5/1832 in Dresden

Karoline Auguste
(Charlotta Augusta)
Empress, Fourth wife of Emperor Franz I (II)
Born 8/2/1792 in Mannheim
Died 9/2/1873 in Vienna

Katharina
Daughter of King Rudolf I and Gerturd of Hohenberg
Birth unknown
Died 4/4/1282 in Landshut

Katharina
Daughter of King Albrecht I and Elisabeth of Gorz-Tyrol
Born 1295 in der Steiermatk
Died 13/1/1323 in Naples

Katharina
Of Savoy, wife of Duke Leopold I
Born around1298 in Brabant
Died 30/9/1336 in Rheinfelden

Katharina
Daughter of Duke Leopold I and Katharina of Savoy
Birth unknown
Died 28/10/1349

Katharina
Daughter of Duke Albrecht II and Johanna of Pflirt
Born 1342 in Vienna
Died 10/1/1387 in Vienna

Katharina
Of Bohemia, wife of Duke Rudolf IV
Born 1342 or 1343 in Prague
Died 26/4/1395 in Vienna

Katharina
Of Burgundy, wife of Duke Leopold IV
Born 1378
Died 26/1/1425 in Dijon

Katharina
Daughter of Duke Ernst "the iron" and Cimburgis of Masovia
Born around 1420 in Wiener Neustadt
Died 11/9/1493 at Hochbaden Castle

Katharina
Of Saxony, second wife of Duke Sigmund of Austria
Born 24/7/1468 in Grimma, Saxony
Died 10/2/1524 in Calenberg, Saxony

Katharina
Of Castile, Queen of Portugal, youngest daughter of Johanna The Mad and Philipp The Fair
Born 14/1/1507 in Torquemada
Died 12/1/1578 in Lisbon

Katharina
Duchess of Mantua, Queen of Poland, daughter of Emperor Ferdinand I and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
Born 15/9/1533 in Innsbruck
Died 28/2/1572 in Linz

Katharina Michaela
Duchess of Savoy, daughter of King Philipp II of Spain and Elisabeth of Valois
Born 10/10/1567 in Segovia
Died 6/11/1597 in Turin

Katharina Renea
(Renata)
Daughter of Karl II of Inner Austria and Maria of Bavaria
Born 4/1/1576 in Graz
Died 29/6/1595 in Graz

Klemens Salvator
(Altenburg)
Eighth child of Archduke Franz Salvator and Archduchess Marie Valerie
Born 6/10/1904 at Wallsee Castle, Lower Austria
Died 20/8/1974 in Salzburg

Klothilde
Of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, wife of Archduke Josef
Born 8/7/1846 in Neuilly
Died 3/6/1927 in Alcsut, Hungary

Klothilde
Daughter of Archduke Josef and Princess Klothilde of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Born 9/5/1884 in Fiume
Died 14/12/1903 in Alcsut, Hungary

Konstanze
Queen of Poland, daughter of Karl II of Inner Austria and Maria of Bavaria
Born 24/12/1588 in Graz
Died 10/7/1631 in Warsaw

Kunigunde
Duchess of Bavaria, second daughter of Emperor Friedrich III and Eleonore of Portugal
Born 16/3/1465 in Wiener Neustadt
Died 6/8/1520 in Munich

L


Ladislaus
(Posthumous)
King of Hungary and Bohemia, posthumous son of King Albrecht II and Elisabeth of Luxemburg
Born 22/2/1440 in Komorn
Died 23/11/1457 in Prague

Ladislaus
(László)
Second son of Archduke Josef and Princess Klothilde of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Born 16/7/1875 in Alcsut, Hungary
Died 6/9/1895 in Budapest

Ladislaus
(László)
Second son of Archduke Josef August and Princess Augusta of Bavaria
Born 3/1/1901 in Volosca
Died 29/8/1946 in Budapest

Leopold I
(Der Glorwürdige)
Duke of Austria and Styria, third son of King Albrecht I and Elisabeth of Gorz-Tyrol
Born 1293, perhaps in Vienna
Died 28/2/1326 in Strassburg

Leopold I
Emperor, son of Emperor Ferdinand III and Infanta Maria of Spain
Born 9/6/1640 in Vienna
Died 5/5/1705 in Vienna

Leopold II
Second son of Duke Otto "dem Frohlichen" and Elisabeth of Lower Bavaria
Born 1328
Died 10/8/1344

Leopold II
Emperor, Grand Duke of Tuscany, son of Emperor Franz I Stefan and Empress Maria Theresia
Born 5/5/1747 in Schonbrunn near Vienna
Died 1/3/1792 in Vienna

Leopold II
Grand Duke of Tuscany, son of Grand Duke Ferdinand III and Princess Marie Luise of Naples and Sicily
Born 3/10/1797 in Florence
Died 29/1/1870 in Rome

Leopold III
Duke of Austria, Styria, and Carniola, son of Duke Albrecht II of Austria and Johanna of the Palatinate
Born 1351 in Vienna
Died 9/7/1386 in the battle by Sempach

Leopold IV
Duke, second son of Duke Leopold III and Viridis Visconti
Born 1371
Died 3/6/1411 in Vienna

Leopold V
Archduke of Austria-Tyrol, Bischof of Passau and Strassburg, son of Archduke Karl II of Inner Austria and Maria of Bavaria
Born 9/10/1586 in Graz
Died 13/9/1632 in Schwaz

Leopold
(of Austria)
Natural son of Emperor Maximilian I
Born 1515
Died 27/9/1557 in Cordoba

Leopold
Son of Archduke Leopold Salvator and Princess Blanka of Bourbon-Castile
Born 30/1/1897 in Agram (Zagreb, Croatia)
Died 14/3/1958 in Willimantic, Connecticut

Leopold Ferdinand Salvator
(since 1902, Leopold Wolfling)
Oldest son of Grand Duke Ferdinand IV and Princess Alice of Bourbon-Parma
Born 2/12/1868 in Salzburg
Died 4/7/1935 in Berlin

Leo Karl
Second son of Archduke Karl Stefan and Archduchess Maria Theresia
Born 5/6/1893 in Pola
Died 28/4/1939 in Bestwina, Poland

Leopold Salvator
Oldest son of Archduke Karl Salvator and Princess Maria Immakulata of Bourbon and the Two Sicilies
Born 15/10/1863 in Altbunzlau, Bohemia
Died 4/9/1931 in Vienna

Leopold Wilhelm
Second son of Emperor Ferdinand II and Maria Anna of Bavaria
Born 6/1/1614 in Graz
Died 20/11/1662 in Vienna

Leopoldine
Empress of Brasil, daughter of Emperor Franz I (II) and Princess Maria Theresia of Naples and Sicily
Born 22/1/1797 in Vienna
Died 11/12/1826 in Rio de Janeiro

Ludwig
Son of Emperor Leopold II and Princess Maria Ludovica of Bourbon-Spain
Born 13/12/1784 in Florence
Died 21/12/1864 in Vienna

Ludwig Salvator
Son of Grandduke Leopold II of Tuscany and Princess Maria Antonia of Bourbon and the Two Sicilies
Born 4/8/1847 in Florence
Died 12/10/1915 in Brandeis an der Elbe

Ludwig Viktor
(Bubi, Luzivuzi)
Youngest son of Archduke Franz Karl and Princess Sophie of Bavaria. His scandalous personal life precluded public service, and he finally was confined to his castle on orders of the Emperor.
Born 15/5/1842 in Vienna
Died 18/1/1919 in Klesheim near Salzburg

Luise
See Marie Luise

Luise Antoinette
Crown Princess of Saxony, second daughter of Grand Duke Ferdinand IV of Tuscany and Princess Alice of Bourbon-Parma
Born 2/9/1870 in Salzburg
Died 23/3/1947 in Brussel

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